This page is dedicated to the renaming struggle of M-Straße in Berlin-Mitte, as it is the context out of which Amo Collective Berlin emerged from. We acknowledge that this information is not a complete representation of the renaming struggle of M-Straße, so if you have information, stories, images that you would like to pass on to us for this website or the archive we are establishing, you are invited to send us an e-mail to

By providing this information we attempt at preserving history of urban and anti-racist activism, share knowledge and make it accessible to a greater public.


  • In the 1990s May Ayim was outspoken in her opposition of the street name.The documentary “May Ayim: Hoffnung im Herz” (1997) by Maria Binder, shows a short clip of May Ayim standing in front of the subway station “Møhrenstraße” slowly eating a white “Schaumkuss” – as the dark equivalent of the sweet has been called“Møhrenkopf” in racist German language use.
    It is possible to think of it symbolically as “eating white supremacy”. A strong subversive image.

  • In 2004/5 all twenty organizations forming the Afrika-Rat Berlin Brandenburg demanded a renaming of the street to honor an African person, it says on

  • In 2006 students of the Institute for European Ethnology became more engaged with postcolonial theory and organized classes (Projekttutorien) that dealt with the history of the area and the street name in which the institute is located. One class turned into the project “Unterm Teppich? "Rassistische Konzepte, koloniale Fantasien am Beispiel eines Berliner Straßennamens” which created a digital mind map which was shown at the Black European Studies conference in 2006 and later translated into the website: m-straß

  • In 2007 the student initiative of the Institute for European Ethnology organized a panel discussion between activists and the institute’s director at that time. In these years moments of tension between students and the Institute’s director/teachers arose when it came to the renaming.

  • “Aktionsgruppe M-Straße” started an annually Antikoloniales Straßenfest in 2013, which was later continued by DecolonizeBerlin, who expanded it into Antikoloniales Amostraßenfest to highlight the proposed renaming of M-street into Anton-Wilhelm-Amo Straße.

  • In 2015 there was a political action, “Occupy M-Straße”, that invited people to “Protest-Kaffetrinken” (drink coffe as protest together) against the racist street and subway station name. (Occupy Mohrenstraße 2015)

  • In the following years postcolonial and anti-racist perspectives became more part of the Institute’s agenda. Around 2017 a letter to the editor was another catalysator for the Institute’s involvement because a member of the “Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung” (DIW) which is also located in M-street, thematised the street name issue in an article which sparked turmoil among the readers.

  • In 2020 the Bezirksverordnetenversammlung Mitte (BVV) decided that the renaming will take place. This is an important step when it comes to official approval but it is only the beginning of an enduring process, since the name is still M-Straße as of today (September, 2023)

  • In June 2020, the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) announced they will rename the subway station from M-street to Glinkastraße. Their proposed renaming after Michail Iwanowitsch Glinka did not resonate well, because of
    antisemitic connections.

  • In July 2023, Götz Aly, a historian who went legally against the renaming, had a court hearing in which his demand was turned down. Although the court hearing seemed like a success regarding the renaming, the final change has not happened.

Historical Layers

On the website of the Institute for European Ethnology there is a “FAQ zur Umbenennung der Møhrenstraße”. In this FAQ a lot of historical information connected to the street name, Anton Wilhelm Amo and Germany’s colonial entanglements is available (in German language). This part will be expanded in the near future.

  • The street name “Møhrenstraße” was probably assigned its name in the year 1706 or 1707.
  • The subway station name was changed to “Møhrenstraße” in 1991.

Find the FAQ here.

Information on May Ayim and the Afro-German Movement: In 1984, Audre Lorde came to Berlin to work as a visiting professor. She became an important figure in the "Afro-German movement", encouraging her friends in their political actions (Farbe bekennen, 3. Edition 2021). Farbe bekennen. Afro-deutsche Frauen auf den Spuren ihrer Geschichte (1986) by May Ayim, Katharina Oguntoye und Dagmar Schultz was a fundamental book for the prospering of the Afro-German movement. Together with Lorde, they came up with the term “Afro-deutsche” and wrote on Black women and their experiences historically, sociologically, biographically and through poetry. The book initiated many connections between Black people in Germany, which made the founding of the “Initiative Schwarzer Menschen in Deutschland” possible. May Ayim was a significant person regarding Black activism in the 80s/90s in Germany. She is a founder of “Initiative Schwarzer Menschen in Deutschland” and laid the foundations for “Farbe bekennen” with her master thesis. Back then, she was already vocal about the renaming of M-Street.


List of organizations advocating for the street’s renaming:

and others